9580 Yonge Street Unit #6
Richmond Hill

Clinic Hours:

9:00am – 6:00pm 

Clinic Number


Understanding Kidney Diseases: Your Comprehensive Guide

Kidney diseases are a significant health concern worldwide, affecting millions of people and often leading to serious complications if left untreated. At Viva Health Centre, we believe that knowledge is the first step towards better health. In this blog post, we will delve into the world of kidney diseases, discussing their types, causes, symptoms, and preventive measures. By understanding these critical aspects, you can take proactive steps to safeguard your kidney health.

Types of Kidney Diseases:

  1. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): CKD is a long-term condition in which the kidneys gradually lose their function. It is often caused by conditions like diabetes, hypertension, or certain medications. Early detection and management are crucial in slowing CKD progression.
  2. Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): AKI is a sudden decline in kidney function, usually due to factors like dehydration, infection, or medication toxicity. Timely intervention is vital to prevent complications.
  3. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): PKD is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of cysts in the kidneys, leading to their enlargement and eventual impairment.
  4. Kidney Stones: These are hard mineral deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause excruciating pain if they obstruct the urinary tract.

Common Causes of Kidney Diseases:

Understanding the causes of kidney diseases can help you make lifestyle changes to protect your kidneys. Some common causes include:

  1. Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels in the kidneys, leading to CKD.
  2. Hypertension: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can damage the kidney’s blood vessels over time, contributing to CKD.
  3. Infections: Untreated urinary tract infections (UTIs) can lead to kidney infections, which may cause AKI if not promptly treated.
  4. Medications: Some medications, like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and certain antibiotics, can harm the kidneys if misused.
  5. Family History: Genetic factors can play a role in conditions like PKD.

Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

Kidney diseases often progress silently in the early stages, with symptoms becoming noticeable only when the condition has advanced. Common symptoms include:

  1. Fatigue and weakness
  2. Swelling in the ankles, legs, or face
  3. Changes in urine frequency and colour
  4. High blood pressure
  5. Nausea and vomiting
  6. Itching and skin rashes
  7. Shortness of breath
    Preventive Measures

The good news is that you can take proactive steps to reduce your risk of kidney diseases:

  1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle:

• Eat a balanced diet low in salt and processed foods.
• Exercise regularly to maintain a healthy weight.
• Stay hydrated by drinking enough amount of water.
• Limit alcohol consumption and avoid smoking.

  1. Manage Chronic Conditions:

• Control diabetes through proper diet, medication, and monitoring.
• Manage hypertension with lifestyle changes and medication as prescribed.

  1. Be Medication-Wise:

• Only use medications as directed by your healthcare provider.
• Avoid unnecessary use of NSAIDs.

  1. Stay Informed:

• Regularly monitor your kidney function through blood and urine tests.
• Follow up with your healthcare provider for early detection and intervention.

Kidney diseases are a significant health concern, but understanding their types, causes, symptoms, and preventive measures can help you protect your kidney health. At Viva Health Center, we are committed to providing you with the information and resources you need to lead a healthier life. If you have concerns about your kidney health, you may get a referral from your family physician and discuss your concerns with our nephrologist (Kidney specialist). Together, we can work towards a healthier future for your kidneys and your overall well-being.